Mining Industry of Kazakhstan

Challenges and Prospects

The mining and metallurgical industry is one of the most competitive and dynamically developing industrial sectors of Kazakhstan. It employs almost 164.5 thousand people of basic professions. Kazakhstan has 30% of the world’s chromium ore reserves, 25% – manganese ores, 10% – iron ores. Reserves of copper, lead and zinc are respectively 10% and 13% of the world. The total geological reserves and forecast resources of coal of the Republic of Kazakhstan are estimated at 150 billion tons. Of the 105 elements of the periodic table in the bowels of Kazakhstan, 99 were identified, 70 reserves were explored, more than 60 elements were involved in the production.

The main minerals of Kazakhstan

Type of mineral

Balance reserves (tons)

Place in the world (in stocks)

Place in the world (by ore content)

iron ore

18.6 billion

manganese ore

635,200,000

ten

chrome ore

382.7 million

bauxites

365,400,000

12

n / a

lead

17,200,000

41

zinc

39.8 million

40

copper

39.3 million

63

titanium

24,100,000

15

tungsten

2 100 000

25

gold

2 232, 6

silver

53,204

31

tin

69,300

23

Uranus

1,600,000

coal

150,000,000,000

According to the total volume of extraction of solid minerals, the republic ranks 13th in the world among 70 mining powers.

In the coming years, the main task of the development of the industry should be the phased creation of new manufacturing industries in the metallurgical industry, the production of high value-added products, ensuring both the growth in the production of high-tech products and the expansion of its export to foreign markets, as well as the satisfaction of the needs of the domestic market.

The mining and metallurgical sectors of Kazakhstan in recent years are one of the most dynamically developing sectors of domestic industry. 2013 was no exception. The volume of industrial production of the mining and metallurgical complex compared with 2012 increased by 2, 6% and exceeded the mark of 3, 6 trillion. tenge, which amounted to 1/5 of the total industry of Kazakhstan. The share of MMC in the gross domestic product of the Republic of Kazakhstan amounted to 11.4%.

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