The Krasnoyarsk Territory is located mainly within Eastern Siberia, in the Yenisei River basin. Along the left bank of the Yenisei is a lowland valley, and along the right is the Central Siberian Plateau, whose height reaches 500-700 m above sea level. In the north, the region is washed by the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea. The length of the territory from the north to the mountainous regions of southern Siberia is almost 3,000 km. In the east, the region borders with the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Irkutsk Region, in the south – with the Republic of Tuva and the Republic of Khakassia, in the west – with the Republic of Altai, Kemerovo and Tomsk Regions, as well as with the Khanty-Mansiysk and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Districts. On the territory of the region in the vicinity of Lake Vivi (Evenkia) is the geographical center of Russia.
Since 2006, the territory has included Evenki and Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) municipal districts, which previously before the referendum on the unification of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) and Evenki Autonomous Areas into a new subject of the Federation existed in the status of autonomous okrugs.
Krasnoyarsk Territory is one of the most endowed with natural resources territories of Russia. Natural resources of the region are the basis of the region’s investment attractiveness and the basis for its subsequent development. Over 6 thousand deposits of various types of minerals have been discovered in the region. For economic purposes, minerals are divided into the following groups: fuel (energy), metallurgical and chemical. 70% of Russia’s coal reserves are located in the region, and the main Russian reserves of platinum, copper-nickel ores, and Icelandic spar are also concentrated. The region is one of the first places in gold mining in the country. The region has the second largest gold reserves in Russia – the Olympiadinskoye. On the territory of the region there are large deposits of lead, apatite and nephelite, molybdenum, copper, titanium-magnesium ores, magnetites, antimony, talc, graphite, etc.
In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, 25 oil and gas fields have been explored. A great advantage of the region is that these natural resources, as a rule, lie nearby and can be developed simultaneously.