The Arkhangelsk region is rich in forest, water resources and has mineral resources of federal significance for hydrocarbon raw materials, aluminum, diamond mining.
5 mining enterprises for the development of solid mineral deposits, 13 enterprises for the extraction of mineral waters, 71 enterprises engaged in the development of deposits of common minerals, about 80 large and medium-sized organizations in the field of forestry production.
The forest cover of the Arkhangelsk region without the islands of the White Sea, the Arctic Ocean and Novaya Zemlya is 77.7%. The total land area of the forest fund is over 29 million hectares, of which operational – about 20 million hectares. The total stock of forest-forming species in forests is 2.6 billion cubic meters, of which coniferous – 2.3 billion cubic meters. The species of trees that are recognized as one of the best in construction, spruce and pine, form the basis of the Arkhangelsk forest – 4/5 of the total forest area. For millennia, an ideal ecosystem has formed on the territory that opposes harsh climatic conditions. The high density of wood, which has thin annual rings, is the main competitive advantage of the northern forest. The Arkhangelsk forest is strong, flexible, resistant to decay, has high thermal insulation properties and is almost eternal. The total stock of the main forest-forming species in the forests under the jurisdiction of the Arkhangelsk region is 2.6 billion cubic meters. The total size of the current estimated cutting area as of January 1, 2015 is 24.3 million cubic meters. Estimated cutting area – the maximum amount of annual felling – is set in such a way as to promote natural reforestation. The use of the estimated cutting area is within 50%.
Bauxite ore fragment
In the North-Onega bauxite region, 18% of Russian bauxite reserves are concentrated. Bauxite is mined in the Western part of the Belovodskaya deposit of the Iksinsky deposit (subsoil user of OJSC North-Onega Bauxite Mine). Raw materials are used for the production of cement, refractory products and fluxes for the steel industry. The recorded balance reserves as of January 1, 2014 amounted to 255 million tons.
27 deposits of drinking underground waters, 8 deposits of mineral waters (for example, the famous Kurtiaevskoye field) and 3 deposits of industrial water — iodine and sodium chloride brines — have been explored in the region. The explored operational reserves of fresh groundwater are located in 17 administrative districts, mainly intended for household and drinking water supply to the population.