One of the main wealth of our country is mineral resources, which are located in many regions, but the Far East is a unique region in this regard. On this territory, land plots contain such valuable minerals as diamonds, gold, platinum and other resources that are no less important for the successful economic development of Russia. Developing valuable minerals is the main specialization of the Far East, which makes this region so important in the country’s economy. Almost every land plot where minerals are extracted is located far from each other, but this fact does not interfere with the development of industry in this region. Huge potential reserves of mineral resources are fraught with the land of Yakutia, Kamchatka and land Sakhalin. One of the most productive and scarce deposits of mineral resources is concentrated on land in Chukotka and Yakutia.
Naturally, the Russian land is fraught with minerals not only in the Far East, but also in the Urals, and in the European part of the country. So, the Murmansk, Belgorod and Kursk regions are a zone of mining. In the Moscow Region, land plots are used for the extraction of phosphorites, and the land of the North Caucasus stores polymetallic ores. In mountainous areas, in general, a land plot may have fuel raw materials, because it is in such areas that bedrock comes to the surface. Mineral resources in large quantities may be located in a land plot that has historically been recently developed.
The long-discovered and equipped deposits have already been depleted, which leads to the constant search for new deposits of both non-ferrous and ferrous metals, which occupy the largest percentage in the mining and processing industries. The importance of minerals in industry is obvious, therefore, the extraction and discovery of new deposits in the Far East is a strategic necessity for the successful functioning of the economy. Another type of metal that is mined in Yakutia and is of extreme importance is diamonds, which are used not only in industry, but also in jewelry. In Yakutia, diamond deposits are more extensive than in other regions of Russia, but nevertheless, they are not as huge as, for example, in some areas of the African continent.