The natural resources of Uzbekistan are diverse, large and create favorable conditions for the development of the economy. Their most important components are:
in the industry – large mineral reserves (more than 2700 deposits and promising manifestations of about 100 types of mineral raw materials) –
in agriculture, vast tracts of fertile land, pastures, an abundance of solar heat and light, considerable water resources – in the field of tourism and recreation – beautiful landscapes, favorable climate, sources of healing mineral waters. The Republic of Uzbekistan is characterized by rich natural resources, large production and mineral – raw materials potential, unique agricultural raw materials, significant volumes of semi-finished products obtained in the processing process, developed infrastructure.
The country is rich in various types of minerals. Depending on the composition and use of minerals in the sectors of the economy, they are divided into: metal, nonmetallic minerals, fuel and energy resources and raw materials for building materials. Over 2,700 deposits and promising ore occurrences, various minerals, including about 100 types of mineral raw materials, of which more than 60 are already involved in production. More than 900 deposits have been explored, with proven reserves estimated at $ 970 billion. The total mineral potential is estimated at more than 3, 3 trillion. US $ Currently, the current level of mineral exploration is associated with the development of the richest deposits of non-ferrous, noble and rare metals, all types of fossil fuels: natural gas, oil and gas condensate, semi-coking and brown and coal, uranium, oil shale, many types of raw materials for building materials.
In the bowels of the republic there are huge deposits of gas and oil. About 60% of the country’s territory is considered promising for their production. Large areas of natural gas are Kashkadarya and Bukhara regions. Almost 3/4 of the natural gas produced in Uzbekistan is in the Kashkadarya region.
Uzbekistan places far-reaching prospects on the development of the gas industry and production, which are associated with the processing of natural gas and gas condensate.