The fuel and energy complex (FEC) is a combination of industries related to the production and distribution of energy in its various forms and forms.
The fuel and energy complex includes industries for the extraction and processing of various types of fuel (fuel industry), the electric power industry, and enterprises for the transportation and distribution of electricity.
The value of the fuel and energy complex in the economy of our country is very large and not only because it supplies fuel and energy to all sectors of the economy, no type of human economic activity is possible without energy, but also because this complex is the main supplier of currency (40% – such is the share of fuel and energy resources in Russian exports).
An important indicator characterizing the operation of the fuel and energy complex is the fuel and energy balance (TEB).
The fuel and energy balance is the ratio of the production of various types of fuel, the energy generated from them and their use in the economy. The energy obtained by burning different types of fuel is not the same, therefore, to compare different types of fuel, it is converted into the so-called conventional fuel, the calorific value of 1 kg. which is equal to 7 thousand kcal. When converted to equivalent fuel, the so-called thermal coefficients are used, by which the amount of the recalculated type of fuel is multiplied. So, if 1 ton of coal is equal to 1 ton of standard fuel, the coefficient of coal is 1, oil – 1, 5, and peat – 0, 5.
The ratio of different types of fuel in the country’s fuel and energy complex is changing. So, while coal played a major role until the mid-60s, in the 70s the share of coal decreased and oil increased (deposits in Western Siberia were discovered). Now the proportion of oil is reduced and the proportion of gas is increasing (since it is more profitable to use oil as a chemical raw material).